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While many tumors have clear, defined edges, mesothelioma does not. alternatively, it can surround organs and fill in the breast and abdominal pit, compressing the lungs .

Mesothelioma causes

Mesothelioma normally is caused by past exposure to asbestos. Asbestos is a hempen mineral that in the past was used in several industries. These include construction, automotive, military, marine and manufacture .
When bantam particles of asbestos are made or disturbed, they can float in the air. People then can breathe in or swallow the asbestos .
Asbestos fibers can remain in the body for decades. In some cases, these fibers cause genic changes to mesothelial cells, leading to mesothelioma. The disease typically occurs 30 to 50 years after a person has come in reach with asbestos. Often patients will not be mindful of this past asbestos exposure.

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Asbestos can cause serious health conditions early than mesothelioma. These include cancers of the lung, larynx and kidney. It besides can cause asbestosis, a non-cancerous, chronic lung disease .

Types of mesothelioma

Most cases of mesothelioma start in the pleura. This type of mesothelioma besides is called malignant pleural mesothelioma .
A rare type of mesothelioma starts in the abdomen and is called malignant peritoneal mesothelioma .
Mesothelioma is besides categorized by the character of mesothelial cells where the disease starts. These types of mesothelioma are :

  • Epithelioid: This accounts for 60% to 70% of mesothelioma cases. It usually has the best outcomes.
  • Sarcomatoid: About 10% to 15% of cases are sarcomatoid mesothelioma. It is more aggressive than epithelioid mesothelioma.
  • Biphasic or mixed: This type of mesothelioma has both epitheliod and sarcomatoid cells. Between 10% and 15% of cases fall into this category. This is an extremely aggressive form of the disease.

Mesothelioma risk factors

Anything that increases your opportunity of getting mesothelioma is a risk factor. The gamble factors for mesothelioma are :

Asbestos exposure: Asbestos exposure accounts for most cases of mesothelioma. Exposure normally occurred decades before the disease is diagnosed .
Gender: Mesothelioma is more common in men. This is likely due to more men than women working in industries that frequently used asbestos, such as construction and manufacture .
Genetic changes: A small share of mesothelioma cases are connected to a mutant in the BAP1 gene. Doctors believe this mutant increases the chances of developing mesothelioma in those who are exposed to asbestos .
Radiation exposure: People who have received radiation for early cancers may subsequently develop mesothelioma. This is not a major risk factor, and the benefits of radiation therapy as a cancer treatment far outweigh the risks.

not everyone with risk factors gets mesothelioma. however, if you have been exposed to asbestos, it ’ s a good idea to tell your sophisticate .
In rare cases, mesothelioma can be passed down from one generation to the next. Genetic counseling may be right for you. Visit our genetic testing page to learn more.
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