Double Eagle Type Collecting – Littleton Coin Company

BY PAUL GREEN Collecting $ 20 double eagles by type is a draw of fun, and very educational as well. furthermore, every clock the price of gold goes up, a double eagle type place has a way of looking better and better. This is the denomination that receives the most attention when prices begin rising .
To say that double eagles are historic is an understatement. A very potent case can be made that the United States $ 20 gold double eagle has its roots in the discovery of gold in California ’ s streams back in the late 1840s .
prior to the discovery of aureate, there were no “ Doubles, ” and no spill the beans of creating a gold mint larger than the $ 10 eagle. In fact, amber eagle production had been suspended for closely 35 years so that the batch was complimentary to strike smaller denominations. even when gold mint output was resumed, the two outgrowth mints at Charlotte, North Carolina, and Dahlonega, Georgia, ( which merely made gold coins ) never struck a denomination higher than $ 5, as there was very short commercial practice for a $ 10 coin at the time.

Approval for a $ 20 double eagle and a amber dollar came cursorily, although early proposals for $ 25, $ 50 and $ 100 amber coins never passed. The Liberty Head double eagle debuted in circulation in 1850, struck chiefly from large amounts of aureate shipped from California – an area that would not have an official mint until 1854 .
The foremost type of doubling eagle was produced from 1849-1866 ( 1849 was not released for circulation ) with the appellation shown as TWENTY D. Most of these doubly eagles are found in go around grades, as most collectors at the fourth dimension could not afford a collection of $ 20 coins. The few Uncirculated exceptions were broadly from recovered shipwrecks like the S.S. Central America and S.S. Brother Jonathan, which preserved many of the dates they were carrying after they slipped below the waves. The bulk of the early examples found today are circulated, as the Type 1 doubling eagle tended to circulate in most areas of the nation anterior to the Civil War .
The Type 2 Liberty Head double eagle appeared in 1866 with the addition of the motto IN GOD WE TRUST. During the fourth dimension they were produced, the Type 2 double eagles, like all other gold coins, did not circulate in much of the nation ( California and other western areas were the major exception ). The bulge of Type 2 Coronet Head double eagles available today are lower Mint State grades, which were found in european hoards. For a bad date like the 1870-CC, the few examples that are known are about never seen in Mint State condition .
The final type of Liberty Head double eagle appeared in 1877 with the appellation written out as TWENTY DOLLARS. This type is promptly available today, with large numbers of some dates known ( even in Mint State ) thanks to overseas holdings. When issued, many of the Type 3 double eagles, as the largest gold coin of the United States, were about immediately shipped out of the area. Discovered after decades of sitting in foreign bank vaults, the supply of the final examination type of Coronet Head double eagle is potent particularly in lower Mint State grades, making it a perfect choice for anyone wanting a courteous type coin. This is the most easily acquired of the three Liberty Head types.

The Saint-Gaudens double eagle made its introduction in 1907. The first design was a special coin, and the most challenge of all the double eagle types. Produced curtly after Saint-Gaudens ’ s end in August of 1907, this high Relief Saint-Gaudens double eagle is precisely that – it features a higher relief than the issues that followed. The relief was actually slenderly lower than in the first try, which resulted in roughly 20 pieces known nowadays as Ultra High Relief. obviously after that belittled production, the die cracked, so it was intelligibly not possible to continue minting in this manner .
As it turned out, despite a coinage of 12,367, the high Relief Saint-Gaudens double eagles were not feasible either. The design took three strikes, meaning it was impossible to achieve significant mintages. however, those that were minted were released – roughly two-thirds featured a “ wire rim, ” while the other third had a “ directly rim. ” ( The wire rim was formed when, due to pressure, metallic element was forced between the collar and the die. A collar holds the planchet in place during striking. ) Most collectors are content with either model, as the High Relief double eagle is the closest to what Augustus Saint-Gaudens and President Theodore Roosevelt had in mind when they created the plan. With the little mintage and meaning demand, the 1907 High Relief is a mint that fetches agio prices – and collectors are happy to pay those premiums to own an exercise of what many consider to be America ’ s most beautiful coin .
The fifth double over eagle purpose distinctly shows President Theodore Roosevelt ’ s influence. While it had a normal arabic date, as opposed to the earlier issues which had roman numeral dates, the master Saint-Gaudens design does not have the motto IN GOD WE TRUST. Based on his reading of the Bible, Roosevelt felt that God should not be associated with coins. Congress would see that the motto was restored, but in 1907 and function of 1908, there was no motto. lone three coins were issued without the motto – the 1907, 1908 and 1908-D. Fortunately for those wanting a very nice model, there was an extraordinary hoard of closely 20,000 pieces discovered some years ago. Known as the Wells Fargo Hoard, it has basically provided adequate of the “ no motto ” 1908 pieces to make it possible for most collectors to own a dainty case at a fair monetary value.

The final double eagle design began in 1908. This separate type once again features the motto IN GOD WE TRUST in the revoke plan. The type would continue until the final double eagle was produced in 1933. What many do not know is that there was besides a change to the type in 1912. The number of stars on the obverse was increased to 48, reflecting the addition of New Mexico and Arizona to the Union. Whether you would like to include an exercise of the 46 and the 48-star versions in your solicitation is up to you. But thanks to significant numbers found in extraneous banks, this survive duplicate eagle design is besides available, specially in lower Mint State grades .
Whether the price of gold goes up or depressed, the fact remains that a type set of double eagles is always impressive. rich in history and featuring some of the best designs in the history of american coinage, the doubling eagle is a mint about everyone loves. If you complete a type stage set of this bewitching coin, you will credibly love them evening more. A double eagle is a coin you will always feel good about owning and showing off to your friends and family .

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