Students at North Georgia College practice military exercise in front of the former Dahlonega Mint in 1877 or 1878. The college used the build from 1873 until it burned polish in 1878. Coordinates : The Dahlonega Mint was a former branch of the United States Mint construct during the Georgia Gold Rush to help the miners get their gold assayed and minted, without having to travel to the Philadelphia Mint. [ 1 ] : 80–81, 105 It was located at ( 34°31.8′N 83°59.2′W ) in Dahlonega, Lumpkin County, Georgia. Coins produced at the Dahlonega Mint bear the “ D ” mint punctuate. That mint distinguish is used today by the Denver Mint, which opened many years after the Dahlonega Mint closed. All coins from the Dahlonega Mint are gold, in the $ 1, $ 2.50, $ 3, and $ 5 denominations, and bear dates in the rate 1838–1861 .
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The Mint Act of 1835, established by the United States Congress on 3 March, established “ one branch at the city of New Orleans for the neologism of gold and silver ; one branch at the township of Charlotte … for the neologism of amber alone ; and one outgrowth at or near Dahlonega, in Lumpkin County, in the state of Georgia, besides for the neologism of amber lone. ” [ 1 ] : 107
Reading: Dahlonega Mint – Wikipedia
Ignatius Alphonso Few, appointed commissioner, bought ten acres south of Dahlonega for $ 1,050 ( equal to $ 27,581 today ) in August 1835, and hired the architect Benjamin Towns, the lowest bidder at $ 33,450 ( equal to $ 878,656 nowadays ), to construct the mint within eighteen months. Mint machinery was installed in 1837, which included “ cutting presses, a fly wheel, a disembowel human body, a crank rotating shaft, a coin press, and eighteen annealing pans. ” The coin press could make “ fifty dollar bill to sixty gold coins per minute. ” [ 1 ] : 107–108 Superintendent Dr. Joseph Singleton, opened the mint in February 1838. About a thousand ounces of aureate were deposited in the first week, and the first coins consisting of eighty five-dollar amber pieces, were minted on 17 April. [ 1 ] : 108
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Reverse of an 1843 half eagle strike at the Dahlonega Mint The mint produced coins every year from 1838 through 1861. Denominations produced included $ 1.00 ; $ 2.50 ( quarter eagles ) ; $ 3.00 ( 1854 only ) ; and $ 5.00 ( half eagles ) .
The Civil War [edit ]
When the American Civil War broke out in 1861, the Dahlonega Mint was seized by the Confederates. It is believed that after the Confederates took over the batch in 1861, that some amber dollars and half eagles were minted under the assurance of the Confederate States Government. The claim number of 1861-D gold dollars produced is unknown, while approximately 1,597 1861-D half eagles were struck. Because of their relatively low mintage, all Dahlonega-minted gold coins are rare. It is by and large accepted that gold coins estimated to exceed $ 6 million were minted here.
Post Civil War [edit ]
After the end of the Civil War, The United States Government decided against reopening the mint. The build was unused until the initiation of North Georgia College in 1873. The mint build was used as the main academic and administrative build for the college until a fire destroyed the original build up in December 1878. A raw construction for the college was erected on the foundations of the old mint build. This build up is now named Price Memorial Hall after William P. Price, the laminitis of the college, and is hush used by the college today. Gold leaf from this area besides covers the exterior of the domed roof over the rotunda of the Georgia State Capitol in Atlanta. local media much refer to the state legislature ‘s activities as what ‘s going on “ under the gold attic ”. After the capitol build was gold leafed citizens of Dahlonega began a political campaign to gold leaf Price Memorial Hall after the like fashion as the capitol. For other United States Mint facilities, see Historical United States mints .
Superintendents [edit ]
Six men acted as Superintendent of the Dahlonega Mint. [ 2 ]
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See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
further reading [edit ]
- Georgia Historical Marker
- Winter, Douglas “Gold Coins of the Dahlonega Mint” 1997. DWN Publishing
Media related to Dahlonega Mint at Wikimedia Commons