In the early 1860s the colony of Queensland was bankrupt. then a quietly-spoken, lone man called James Nash discovered gold in the area immediately known as Gympie. The politics of Queensland had offered a honor of £3000 for anyone who could locate a new account payable source of gold within 90 miles of Brisbane. In August 1867, Nash located gold near the Mary River. He kept his findings lull initially, until reporting his discovery to the Queensland Government on 16 October 1867. The report kicked off one of the ‘ wildest rushes of Queensland ’ s history ’. Nash attempted to claim the £3000 reinforce from the government, but the area was outside of the 90 nautical mile stipulation, and indeed he was only award £1000 .
The Welcome Stranger
The worldly concern ’ second largest alluvial gold nugget, the Welcome Stranger, was the discovery of cornish miners John Deason and Richard Oates, gold prospectors hoping to find their luck in Victoria. On the morning of 5 February 1869 they were working in Bulldog Gully, near Moliagul in Central Victoria when Deason ’ s picking strike something hard a few centimetres beneath the surface. It turned out to be a single nugget of alluvial aureate that weighed around 70 kilograms. Deason and Oates transported the nugget to London Chartered Bank in Dunolly. It was indeed large that it had to be broken into pieces on an anvil before it could be weighed. Deason and Oates were paid £9563 for the nugget, believed to be worth around $ 3-4 million in today ’ second money .
Edward Hammond Hargraves is by and large credited with being the homo who started the foremost australian gold race. In the attempt to stop losing its population to the Californian gold rush, the New South Wales politics offered a reward to whoever could find collectible quantities of gold in Australia. Hargraves, who had been in California, returned to Australia in 1851 hoping to collect the reward. He travelled to the Bathurst plains where he enlisted the help of John Lister, and brothers William, James and Henry Toms. After finding £13 worth of gold specks, Hargraves left the others to continue the search and showed his finds to the Colonial Secretary, measuredly misrepresenting the quantities discovered and downplaying his colleagues ’ efforts. once he was assured of winning the reward, Hargraves announced his discoveries, sparking the first australian gold rush. finally the Toms and Lister were awarded £1000 each in realization of their efforts .
Henry Thom Sing
During the aureate rushes, many chinese immigrants settled in Australia and made their lives here. Henry Thom Sing, besides known as ‘ Ah Sin ’ or ‘ Tom Ah Sing ’, was a Chinese-born entrepreneur and community drawing card who settled in Launceston. Tasmania. Sing travelled to Australia to take his chances in the victorian gold race. In 1868 he came to Launceston, Tasmania. Sing spoke excellent English, worked as an agent and interpreter for chinese speakers, and imported goods from China. Sing was a cutting patron of local businesses and held a number of spectacular chinese carnivals around Launceston to share chinese cultural inheritance. Sing ’ randomness St John Street premises are hush a depart of Launceston ’ s commercial sector, and his list is remembered as separate of Launceston ’ mho history .
Adelaide Ingots and Pounds
When gold was discovered in Australia, there was only so much currentness circulating in the colonies. With the huge inflow of people to the goldfields, Australia cursorily ran into currency shortages. Within a few years there was pressure to convert gold into coins or tokens to ease the pressure on the colonies ’ currency. In 1852, the Adelaide Assay Office started to produce small aureate ingots, stamped with their attest weight and fineness, which banks could use as security to issue their own banknotes. These became known as ‘ Adelaide Ingots ’ and they were technically Australia ’ s beginning gold currency. A tradeable currency was still required, so the South Australian Legislative Council made changes to its Bullion Act in recently 1852, allowing for the consequence of gold tokens with the denominations of 10 shillings, £1, £2 and £5. The Adelaide Assay Office produced a issue of these ‘ Adelaide Pounds ’ for circulation. In 1855, the first branch of the Royal Mint opened in Sydney. There are only a few examples of Adelaide Ingots and Pounds left, and the Royal Australian Mint holds several in the National Coin Collection.
Camels of the Goldfields
Camels and their cameleer handlers played all-important roles in the gold rush and the exploitation of western Australia ’ s gold mining diligence. Camels were first gear introduced to WA in 1875, but it was after gold was discovered in WA that bombastic numbers of cameleers travelled to the region. They were all grouped under the name ‘ Afghans ’ but they came from a range of places, particularly Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Iran and the turkish Empire. While their skills were very welcome, there were occasional racial and religious tensions between the chiefly Muslim cameleers and the european miners. Nevertheless, settlers who were tired of the alcohol-fuelled ferocity common on the goldfields, welcomed the repose and mince habits of the cameleers. Many of the cameleers remained in Australia, and their descendants still live in the region .
Loong, the Dragons of Bendigo
Bendigo has a syndicate of dragons in residence. Dragons Sun Loong and Dai Gum Loong are the descendants of the original Bendigo dragon, known as Gum Loong or plainly ‘ Loong ’. Loong was brought to Bendigo by chinese residents who had moved to the area to prospect for gold. In 1869, the Bendigo residential district held the foremost annual Easter Procession and three years by and by the local Chinese community decided to participate with a dragon dance, traditionally performed at festivals such as New Year to bring good luck. Loong was imported from China by the Bendigo Chinese Association. His dance was used to raise funds for a local hospital and the benevolent fund – a way for the Bendigo Chinese Association to contribute in a palpable way to the community, and a connect to traditions back in China that could be enjoyed by the stallion community .
Lola Montez and the ‘Spider Dance’
The gold rushes attracted people from all walks of life. alien dancer Lola Montez, celebrated for her beauty, disgraceful demeanor and celebrity romances, came to Australia in 1855 hoping to attract some of the wealth from the Ballarat goldfields. After performing her most celebrated dance, the ‘ Spider Dance ’, she was reputedly showered with gold nuggets from the consultation. Montez was notoriously crabbed. When Mr Seekamp of the Ballarat Times published a review that Montez disliked, she set on him in a cake with a whip. He retaliated and soon the two were embroiled in a angered fight as prevention patrons attempted to separate them. Stories such as the ‘ Battle of Ballarat ’, which was enthusiastically reported in the crush at the prison term, reflect the boisterous nature of life on the goldfields .
Raffaello Carboni at Eureka
The victorian aureate rush attracted hopeful prospectors from across the world, and from a range of cultural and sociable backgrounds. Raffaeollo Carboni was a highly educated italian who found himself succumbing to gold fever, and unexpectedly caught up in the drama of the 1854 Eureka Rebellion. Carboni came to know Irish miner Peter Lalor, who became the drawing card of the miner ’ sulfur disgust after Carboni ’ south nominating speech. Lalor reached out to Carboni to organise the non-English speak european miners, and Carboni became separate of the inner encircle of the Eureka rebellion, although he was not give during the actual battle. Carboni was charged with high treason after the rebellion, however populace impression favoured the miners, and no jury would convict him. Carboni chronicled the events at Ballarat in a lively book as a protection to those who fell. It is the only first-hand report of the Eureka Stockade and the events that led up to it .