The Venus figurines of Mal’ta (also: Malta) are several palaeolithic female figurines of the Mal’ta–Buret’ culture, found in Siberia, Russia.
They consist most often of ivory. Delporte writes of 29 figurines altogether. [ tam ] They are about 23,000 years old & stem from the Gravettian. [ 2 ] [ bốn ] Most of these statuettes show stylized clothes. Quite often the face is depicted. They were discovered at Mal’ta, at the Angara River, near Lake Baikal in Irkutsk Oblast, Siberia by the archeologists Sergey Zamyatnin, Georgy Sosnovsky, và Mikhail Gerasimov. [ 5 ]
Thes e figurines are on display at the Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg .
Around 30 female statuettes of varying shapes were discovered at Mal’ta, at the Angara River, và near Lake Baikal in Irkutsk Oblast in Siberia. The wide variety of forms, combined with the realism of the sculptures & the lack of repetitiveness in detail, are definite signs of developed, albeit early, art .Until the Mal’ta find, calculate my age
figurines were previously found only in Europe. Carved from the tusk ivory of a mammoth, these images were typically highly stylized và often involved embellished và disproportionate characteristics ( typically the breasts or buttocks ). [ 6 ]
At first glance what is obvious is that the Mal’ta Venus figurines are of two types : full-figured women with exaggerated forms, và women with a thin, delicate size. Some of the figures are nude while others have etchings that seem to indicate fur or clothing. Conversely, unlike those found in Europe, some of the Venus figurines from Mal’ta were sculpted with faces. Most of the figurines were tapered at the bottom, & it is believed that this was done so sánh they could have been stuck into the ground or placed upright some other way. Placed upright they could have symbolized the spirits of the chết, akin to ” spirit dolls ” used nearly world-wide, including Siberia, among contemporary people .
The suggested similarity between Mal’ta và Upper Paleolithic civilizations of Western và Eastern Europe coincides with a long-held belief that the ancient people of Mal’ta were related to the Paleolithic societies of Europe. [ 6 ] Thes e similarities can be established by their tools, dwelling structures, và art. Thes e commonalities draw into question the origin of Upper Paleolithic Siberian people, và whether the migrating peoples originated from Southeastern Asia or quite possibly from Europe. [ 6 ] On the other hand, one can argue that as a nhóm the Mal’ta Venus figures are rather different from the female figurines of Western và Central Europe. [ 2 ] For example, none of the Siberian specimens indicates abdominal enlargement as main European examples vì, & as breasts are often lacking, few offer clear enough evidence of gender to define them as female. More conclusively, nearly half of them show some facial details ( flat nose, deep-set narrow eyes, và a mouth ), something which is lacking on the so-called Venus figures of Europe. [ 2 ] Many of them also appear to wear clothes, complete with hoods ( clearly visible in the nearby Venus of Buret ‘ ), something European Venuses are lacking. [ 2 ] The closest European site for Venus figurines would be Kostyonki, & research is being conducted to try to find connections with Mal’ta. [ 2 ]
- Mal’ta burials, artifacts & statuettes. [ 9 ]
- Statuette with facial features. [ 10 ]
- Statuette with hooded, decorated, overall. [ 11 ]
- Elongated figurine with hooded, decorated, overall và traces of paint. [ 12 ]
- Mal’ta Venus ( Hermitage, No. 370 – 748 ). [ 13 ]
- Mal’ta statuette 3 chiều modelling
- Cohen, Claudine (2003). La femme des origines : images de la femme dans la préhistoire occidentale. Belin-Herscher. ISBN 978-2733503362.
- Delporte, Henri (1979). L’image de la femme dans l’art préhistorique. Paris.
- Gerasimov, Michail M. (1964). The Paleolithic site of Malta: excavations of 1956–1958. In E.N. Michael (ed.): The Archaeology and Geomorphology of Northern Asia. No. 5, S. 3–32, Arctic Institute of North America, University of Toronto (Translations from Russian Sources).
- Jelinek, Jan: Das grosse Bilderlexikon des Menschen in der Vorzeit. Bertelsmann-Lexikon-Verlag, Gütersloh 1972. (Picture of Venus figurines from Malta: p. 315, 334, 377, 385, 393, 394.)
Notes và references
Leave a Comment