Reader Andrew Rowell II emailed us images of a much-abused Lincoln cent of uncertain date (it has the Lincoln Memorial reverse) with the very succinct question: “Double die/strike reverse?”
The coin is not a duplicate fail nor is it a double-struck coin. It is an alteration intentionally made outside of a Mint production adeptness and is not the result of being struck on a neologism urge. It is a form of damaged coin that erroneousness experts refer to as a “ sandwich ” revision .
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To create this piece, person stacked two or more lincoln cents on a difficult surface, creating the “ sandwich. ” The reverse boldness of this mint was positioned so it faced the turn back face of a second coin. The two coins were not stacked in perfect alliance — the second coin was positioned slenderly off-center in relation to the reader ’ south coin. It was in this shape that pressure was applied, possibly through the habit of a hammer brought down hard on the stack of coins .
As a resultant role of the fellate, the obverse face of the reader ’ mho coin, which was probably facing a bland hard featureless open, was flattened, and all purpose details were obliterated.
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The reversion expression of the reviewer ’ south mint was besides partially flattened, with the attendant price to the design details most discernible in the crescent of the mint not adjacent to the confront of the second mint. While much of the design details in this section remain visible, they are flattened .
The blow to the stack coins besides resulted in design transfer from one coin to the other, with both pieces serving as surrogate dies. The second coin left an incused mirror-image impression of a part of the Lincoln Memorial, the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM and a helping of the word AMERICA in the face of the invert of the reader ’ south coin. These transferred design elements partially overlap the original surviving plan elements, making for a strike presentation and a confusing appearance angstrom well .
While the lector ’ second coin has certain features that vaguely resemble those found on certain actual errors — a deformed appearance from being struck outside of a collar, multiple design elements, mirrored design elements — to an technical they are intelligibly from revision and not from an error or variety show occurring at a U.S. Mint facility .