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Counter-insurgency aircraft – Wikipedia

Counter-insurgency aircraft or COIN aircraft are a speciate diverseness of military light attack aircraft, designed for counter-insurgency operations, armed reconnaissance, air escort of land forces, and establish support against “ low-intensity engagements ” ; normally irregular groups of insurgents armed with artillery and/or portable rockets .

Roles [edit ]

Some of the roles carried out by counter-insurgency aircraft admit :
For an aircraft—whether fixed-wing or rotary—to efficaciously carry out all these roles, it should have specification characteristics such as low loitering speed, long survival, ease in maintenance, and the capability to perform short or upright take-offs and landings from makeshift and roughly constructed runways .

history [edit ]

A Cessna O-1 Bird Dog

Colonial times [edit ]

The foremost function of counter-insurgency aircraft was in the 1920s and 1930s during some of the colonial wars, in nations like Ethiopia and Iraq. The benefits offered by evening a individual aircraft in tasks such as reconnaissance or strafing minor groups of individuals proved incomputable. As the british detect in Iraq in the 1920s and from some encounters within the frontiers of Pashtunistan, aircraft stripped away many of the advantages that traditional insurgents had held. It besides offered a way of inflicting direct and cost-efficient retaliation on the communities that supported the guerrilla. No particular plane was developed. regular military aircraft were used. It was not unusual for many air forces to battlefield dual function planes : bomber and transportation .

Post colonial wars [edit ]

By the late 1950s, french air operations in the Algerian War was decidedly counter-insurgent in nature, with helicopters such as the Piasecki H-21 being used not only to carry infantry, but besides machine guns and rocket launchers on an ad hoc footing, to reach FLN guerrilla positions on differently inaccessible mountain ridges and peaks. [ 2 ] In the early 1960s it was clear enough for US planners a airplane would be needed for guerrilla wars in Asia or Africa. As a consequence U.S. Army tested arm versions of the YAT-37D Dragonfly, A4D-1 Skyhawk and G.91. The tests were good but the Army was prohibited from operating fixed-wing aircraft in combat. equally former as the Vietnam War, counter-insurgency missions were flown by existing aeroplanes and helicopters, sometimes hurriedly adapted for the character, luminary examples being the north american T-28 Trojan and Douglas A-1 Skyraider. finally, as the US budget allowed it, dedicated specialized counter-insurgency aircraft began to be produced for Vietnam war. other countries adapted existing train planes to COIN and light approach. Examples including :

EC-130J Commando Solo which is used for PSYOP war A new access of COIN were the gunships created by the US. A gunship is an aircraft having laterally -mounted heavy armaments ( i.e. firing to the side ) to attack ground or sea targets. These gunships were configured to circle the target rather of performing strafing runs. such aircraft have their arming on one side harmonized to fire at the apex of an fanciful cone formed by the aircraft and the establish when performing a pylon turn ( banking twist ).

In the Vietnam War, the old Douglas C-47 Skytrain transportation was successfully modified by the United States Air Force with side-firing Miniguns for circling attacks. It was the late and larger Lockheed AC-130 that became a celebrated gunship in US military aviation. These heavily armed aircraft used a variety of weapon systems, including 7.62 millimeter GAU-2/A Miniguns, 20 millimeter ( 0.787 in ) M61 Vulcan six-barrel rotary cannons, 25 millimeter ( 0.984 in ) GAU-12/U Equalizer five-barreled rotary cannons, 30 millimeter Mk44 Bushmaster II chain guns, 40 millimeter ( 1.58 in ) L/60 Bofors autocannons, and 105 millimeter ( 4.13 in ) M102 howitzers. The Douglas AC-47 Spooky, the Fairchild AC-119, [ 5 ] and the AC-130 Spectre/Spooky, [ 6 ] were vulnerable, and entail to operate entirely after achieving air superiority. Smaller gunship designs such as the Fairchild AU-23 Peacemaker and the Helio AU-24 Stallion were besides designed by the United States during the Vietnam War. These aircraft were meant to be brassy and easy to fly and maintain, and were to be given to friendly governments in Southeast Asia to assist with counter-insurgency operations, finally seeing service with the Khmer National Air Force, Royal Thai Air Force, and Republic of Vietnam Air Force deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as limited manipulation by the United States Air Force .

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

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